About Prado Museum Madrid

The Prado Museum houses masterpieces like Velázquez's "Las Meninas," Goya's "The Third of May 1808," and Bosch's "The Garden of Earthly Delights." Home to over 8,600 paintings, it's a journey through centuries, highlighting Spanish, Italian, and F...

Also Known As

Museo Nacional del Prado

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Commissioned by Charles III in 1785, Prado Museum was originally designed by Juan de Villanueva as a natural science museum. King Ferdinand VII and Queen Maria Isabel of Braganza later opted to use it to house the royal paintings, and the Museo Nacional Del Prado opened its doors in 1819.

Prado Museum boasts one of the most extensive collections of Francisco de Goya’s works, including over 150 paintings, over 600 drawings, over a 100 handwritten documents, and a selection of prints.

The most famous painting in the museum is Velázquez’s Las Meninas, one of the largest canvases from the Sevillian painter. Considered controversial for its defiance of genre, this snapshot of life at the Spanish court is as unsettling as it is captivating.

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prado museum madrid
prado museum madrid


It was in 1819 that the Prado Museum Madrid replaced the Natural History Cabinet. Over the years, the building underwent numerous expansions to accommodate its growing collection of artworks. 

In 2007, architect Rafael Moneo designed a new building near the Jerónimos cloister, which is considered to be the most important expansion in the museum’s history. Currently, the Prado Museum Madrid is made up of several buildings - the Villanueva building, the Jerónimos Cloister, the Casón del Buen Retiro, the administrative building, and the Hall of Kingdoms. 

prado museum madrid